The original keyboard in the US for Microsoft Windows has keys. However, most of the desktop keyboards in other countries have 105 keys. In essence, the de facto standard has been either 104 or 105 keys on a standard Microsoft Windows keyboard.
There is no specific rule that can designate the keyboard manufacturers to use a specific number for how many keys are on a keyboard. The keyboard manufacturers may decide to use any number of compatible keys on their keyboards as long as the layout does not affect the typing functionality of the keyboard.
The standard number of keys on the keyboard would be ideally dependent on the keyboard manufacturers.
The chart here can provide good information on how many keys are on a Microsoft Windows standard keyboard:
|Keyboard Type||Number of keys|
|Original IBM Keyboard||83 keys|
|Microsoft standard keyboard in the US||104 Keys|
|Microsoft standard keyboard in the rest of the world||105 keys|
|European keyboard||102 keys|
|Traditional US keyboard||101 keys|
|Windows-based laptop keyboard||86 keys|
|AT keyboard||84 keys|
|Apple wireless keyboard||78 keys|
|MacBook Air laptop||78 keys|
|Apple keyboard with numeric keypad||109 keys|
How Many Types of Keys are There on a Keyboard?
Now that we have tried finding out how many keys are on a Microsoft Windows standard keyboard, it would equally be a good idea to find how many types of keys would you find on it. A keyboard basically consists of five different types of keys – they include Alphabet keys, Number keys, Special keys, Function keys, and navigation keys. Each of the keys and key types is designed for offering you a specific functionality.
Now that we are discussing the standard keyboards, you can have access to the letter or alphabet keys from A to Z. You have access to 26 different keys. Do note that the keys are not arranged in strictly alphabetical order. The alphabet keys are also inclusive of the symbols as well. In that case, you will have a total of 54 keys with a total of 76 different characters.
The number keys include the numeric keys 0 to 9. If you have a numeric keypad on your keyboard, you will have 17 keys. You will find the number keys on the top as the first row, and on the numeric keypad.
The special and control keys include the keys specifically designed for controlling the system and what appears on your screen. Some of the examples for the control keys include Space bar, Caps Lock key, Backspace, Shift key, Ctrl key, Tab key, Enter key, and CapsLock keys to name just a few.
The Function keys are designed to provide you access to a few specific functions. These function keys include the keys right from F1 to F12. The functionality of each of these keys differs from one program to another. It will also be dependent on the operating system you use. A few mechanical and gaming keys can come with 24 function keys in certain cases.
The navigation keys come with special navigation purposes. These would include the cursor keys such as down, up, left, and right keys. The Home, End, Page Up, Page Down, and Delete are a few of the navigational keys you would want to give serious thought to.
A Few of the keys Combinations You Would Find Useful
Now that we have been discussing how many keys are on a Microsoft Windows standard keyboard and the specific functions of the keys on a keyboard, it would be worthwhile to understand a few key combinations that can make your task a little easier.
|Key combination||What does it do?|
|Windows Key||Launch Start menu|
|Alt-Tab||Switch between programs and windows|
|CTRL + S||Save the current file|
|Alt + F4||Cloe or exit from the current program|
|CTRL + C||Copy the selected item|
|CTRL + X||Cut the selected item|
|CTRL +V||Paste the items on the clipboard|
|CTRL + A||Copy all the data on the current page|
|CTRL + Z||Undo an action|
|F1||Display the Help section on a program|
|Esc||Cancel the current task|
Well, the keyboard is nothing without the right keys on it. Learning how many keys are on a keyboard and having a good knowledge of your key functions can be extremely helpful. Of course, the number of keys on a keyboard will be dependent on the model and manufacturer of the keyboard. While 104 keys can be the de facto standard for the standard keyboard, you will find the different number of keys on the keyboard based on what you may be looking ahead to.